What is the Actual Meaning of “Papua Mandiri”?
“Mandiri” is a term commonly used in Bahasa Indonesia to refer to many meanings
- it can mean self-reliance
- it can also mean subsistence
- it can mean self-determination
- it also mean self-rule
each of these meanings may bring consequences, both legally and politically in public management and policy delivery.
Let us look at briefly dictionary or literal meanings of some of these meanings:
- self-re·li·ance (sĕlf′rĭ-lī′əns) n. Reliance on one’s own capabilities, judgment, or resources; independence.
- self-suf·fi·cient (sĕlf′sə-fĭsh′ənt) adj. 1. Able to provide for oneself without the help of others; independent. 2. Having undue confidence; smug.
- sub·sis·tence (səb-sĭs′təns) n. 1. The act or state of subsisting. 2. A means of subsisting, especially means barely sufficient to maintain life. 3. Something that has real or substantial existence. 4. Christianity Hypostasis.
These are more socio-cultural and/ or socio-economi meanings.
The Term “Papua Mandiri” in political or legal term can be interpreted slightly differently,
- self-rule (sĕlf′ro͞ol′) n. Self-government.
- self-de·ter·mi·na·tion (sĕlf′dĭ-tûr′mə-nā′shən) n. 1. Determination of one’s own fate or course of action without compulsion; free will. 2. Freedom of the people of a given area to determine their own political status; independence.
“Papua Mandiri” in government bureaucracy and public administration term,
It can also have slightly different consequences in policy making and administration. In government administration and power-sharing policy, it can mean
- devolution of power or
The Governor of Papua Province, Lukas Enembe has launched his governorship campaign by putting forward his agenda to “raise Papua”, “to make Papua become Mandiri” and “to make Papua wealthy”.
This is a political agenda, and as usual, they are always ambiguous in their meanings and implementation. In many cases, at least for Papua and Papua Barat provinces, if not all Indonesian provinces, the written laws, the stated policies and ambitions during campaigns are rarely put in to reality until they are replaced by another leader-politician. Most of them never regret, let alone, just say “I am sorry for not fulfilling my promises during campaign!” to those whom their hypnotized and their voices they manipulated during the election campaigns and processes.
“Papua Mandiri” for Lukas Enembe it means only one, but for Jhon Kwano, it is ambiguous, it can mean many, so many things, according to who tries to understand it.
“Papua Mandiri” means autonomy, self-rule. or more politically correct term called internal-self-determination. Theseare legal terms within modern nation-state. However, socio-economically “Papua Mandiri” means Papua self-reliance, that is, Papua Province rely on what it produces, not so many imports of foreign products. It means those produced in Papua us sufficient to supply all needs. Socio-culturally, it can be interpreted as “self-subsistence” which means what we consume in Papua are produced by ourselves.
Mr. Kwano says in a short talk today,
In talking about this “Papua Mandiri” we also need to understand the other two words before and after the term “mandiri” the words, i.e., “bangkit” and “sejahtera” (rise up and wealthy).
What Lukas is saying is Papua should rise up, and the it becomes “mandiri” in order to reach the wealthy life.
For me, this is too ambitions, but we all know, that we cannot limit our ambitions, we must let our ambitions as big as possible, as unrealistic as possible, as irrational as possible.
However it has consequences, politically, legally, in bureaucracy and in the good-will of all parties involved in managing bureaucracy in Papua and in Indonesia in relation to Papua.
We can know a bit more from what Lukas Enembe himself is doing and saying right now. The first one, he is very active in promoting what he calls “Otsus Plus” or “Special Autonomy Plus”. Thus, he is talking about autonomy, more devolution of power from Jakarta to provinces in the western part of the Isle of New Guinea. That is purely politics, has nothing to do with the Papuan people. However, from what he says in the daily talks and speeches, he wants Papuan people to become rich, and wealthy. Before all these, he wants Papua to be a peaceful place, no more shootings by the Indonesian military or police, no more human rights violations. He also wants more Papuan leaders to rule in this province. He also emphasizes Papuan entrepreneurs to take more active role.
All of these are good and promising, however, what the reality is saying is not exactly the same.
Many Papuans are now blaming bureaucrats and politicians at the provincial and lower levels not following the orders from Lukas Enembe. Most of them are being suspected acting deliberately against what Lukas Enembe wants to see happening in his province. Many memos, many orders, many instructions never come to the execution level. Many are delayed deliberately in order to divert to different projects.
The problem now is not only to understand what is the meaning of “Papua Mandiri”, but also how to implement what he actually wants and who will be willing to implement these ambitions in order to make these ambiguous and yet ambitious words into reality. [to be continued)